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Bhagavad Gīta or Gods Song is one of the three basic texts of vēdānta. It is a part of a comprehensive epic work „Mahābharāta“, written by Vyāsa. It is not clear when the Gita was written, but scholars suggest that this took place about the third century B.C.E. It was brought to its present form by some follower of the Vedanta in the second century A.D. The classical commentators of the Gīta are many. Among them we have the great names of Śankara (788-826 A.D.), Rāmānuja (1017-1137 A.D.), and Madhva (1199-1317? A.D.). In 1785, Charles Wilkins translated the work into English, this was followed by a French translation by Emile Burnouf in 1861. Until now it has been translated into...
Yoga is one of the six systems of Indian philosophy (the ṣaḍ darśana). This school of thought was systematised by the sage Patañjali. Patañjali compiled the principles of yoga in the Yoga Sūtra, a collection of 185 aphorisms. The word yoga is derived from the Sanskrit root yuj. Yuj has many meanings, the relevant ones here being ‘ to yoke’, ‘to join’, ‘to bind’, ‘to unite’, ‘to harness’. In the Mahābhārata, one of the meanings of yuj is ‘to direct the thoughts to’. ‘yujyate anena iti yogaḥ’, or, that which unites is yoga. The basic ancient texts on yoga are: Yoga Sūtra, a collection of 185 aphorisms, author, systematiser – Patañjali; Yoga Vāsiṣṭha, author Vālmīki; Bhagavad Gīta, one of the...